Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health
The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health’s mission is to improve lives through brain research. The Florey is one of the world’s top three brain research centres. Led by neurologist, Professor Geoffrey Donnan AO, some 600 people are committed to addressing the causes of brain disease affecting up to one in four Australians.
The Florey has strong partnerships with Austin Health, the Royal Melbourne Hospital and the University of Melbourne, conducting research that underpins the future of brain health. Our imaging facilities offer unparalleled access to the workings of the brain. Internationally, our imaging team is recognised for maximising the potential of its magnetic resonance equipment, redefining the role of imaging as a diagnostic tool.
Ground-breaking work continues at the Florey in a number of laboratory and clinical areas. Prevention, better treatments and cures are sought for:
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Parkinson’s disease
- Huntington’s disease
- Bipolar disorder
- Motor neurone disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Cardiovascular disease
- Traumatic brain and spinal cord injury
Multiple Sclerosis - Professor Trevor Kilpatrick
Spanning the Florey, the University of Melbourne and the Royal Melbourne Hospital, the Division adopts a multifaceted approach to researching multiple sclerosis. The research recognises the need to understand the genetic determinants, environmental precipitants and molecular drivers of the disease if we are to prevent or reduce damage. The Division has developed strong collaborations with colleagues throughout Australia in order to assemble large cohorts of patients to interrogate the genetics and epidemiology of the disease and to access biological samples to adopt a fully integrated translational approach.Neuropharmacology, Steroid Neurobiology and Stem Cell Therapies.
Stroke - Professor Julie Bernhardt
The Division has five main research teams: stroke preclinical science, the AVERT early intervention research program, the neurorehabilitation and recovery laboratory, epidemiology and public health and clinical trials. Investigations into neuroprotective and neuroregenerative drugs, advancing stroke care and predicting further incidence of stroke through biomarkers and imaging are part of this Division’s work.
Neurodegeneration - Professor Phil Beart
This Division focuses on how neurones live, die and can be rescued to improve brain function in Parkinson’s and motor neurone diseases. The Division has five research areas; Parkinson’s disease, motor neurone disease, neuropharmacology, steroid neurobiology and stem cell therapies.
Mental Health - Professor Colin Masters
This Division undertakes basic scientific, clinical and public health research. This includes not only work in laboratories but also working with the community to run trials that help gather information about the illnesses studied. The work continues to enrich our understanding of mental illness, including depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia and neurodegenerative illness, including Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. The Division includes the Australian Imaging, Biomarker and Lifestyle (AIBL) Study of Ageing. The aim of AIBL is to discover which biomarkers, cognitive characteristics and health and lifestyle factors determine subsequent development of symptomatic Alzheimer’s disease.
Systems Neurophysiology - Professor Robin McAllen
This research area focuses on brain function in health and disease. One particular focus is on how the brain controls basic bodily functions such as blood pressure, body temperature, body fluids and breathing. A second focus is on the ways that disease processes change the excitability of neurons. A third focus is on the heart and its complex interactions with the nervous system in health and disease.
Imaging - Professor Alan Connelly and Professor Graeme Jackson
The Division studies many disease states, particularly epilepsy. Other disorders studied include multiple sclerosis, stroke, tumours, dementia and a range of mental health disorders such as schizophrenia. The Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Technical Development Program is world-leading in the highly active field of diffusion MRI.
Neuropeptides - Associate Professor Ross Bathgate
This Division conducts multi-disciplinary studies on the relaxin family of peptides / hormones and their receptors. The Division focuses on determining the role of these peptides and the receptors they target in a wide range of physiological and disease states.
Behavioural Neuroscience - Professor Andrew Lawrence and Dr Amy Brodtmann
This Division focuses on cognitive disorders of the brain in humans and the use and development of animal models. The latter reflects aspects of human disorders such as addiction, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism and neurodegenerative conditions such as Huntington’s disease, stroke and dementia.
Brain Development and Regeneration - Professor Seong-Seng Tan
Research is conducted to understand how new brain cells are generated, become connected and survive during stress, which is pivotal to preventing and treating brain disorders. The underlying drivers of brain cell assembly are undoubtedly genetic, but the outcomes are also shaped by environmental influences. Such knowledge will provide new understanding of the causes of mental illnesses such as autism, schizophrenia and epilepsy.
Epilepsy - Professor Graeme Jackson and Professor Steven Petrou
At the Florey’s Austin campus, researchers have been undertaking high impact research using MRI for more than fifteen years to understand the structural and functional basis of human epilepsy. At the Florey’s Parkville campus, research has revealed many of the fundamental neurobiological mechanisms by which genetic abnormalities give rise to epilepsy.
The Florey hosts the following important medical infrastructure services.
Neuroscience Trials Australia
Led by Dr Tina Soulis, Neuroscience Trials Australia is an Australian-based, not-for-profit clinical trials management service specialising in neuroscience.
Psychotropic Drug Advisory Service
Led by Associate Professor Suresh Sundram, pharmacist Christine Culhane of the Psychotropic Drug Advisory Service provides an independent central advisory and contact service with regard to the interaction between medicines used to treat mental illnesses and other drugs that affect the way we think, feel and behave.
Australian Brain Bank Network
Led by Professor Catriona McLean, the Network collects, processes and stores post-mortem human brains and related samples from individuals who have had neurological diseases (i.e. Alzheimer’s disease, motor neurone disease and Parkinson’s disease), psychiatric disorders (i.e. bipolar mood disorder, depression and schizophrenia) as well as normal ‘control’ cases.
The Florey is closely involved in the operations of the following neuroscience platforms
- Human and Animal MRI
- Positron Emission Tomography - Computed Tomography (PET-CT)
- Advanced Microscopy
- Core Animal Services
- Behavioural Services
- Histology Services
- Fluorescence-activated Cell Sorting Facility
- Statistics and Decision Analysis